Saturday, August 8, 2020

Internalizing and Borderline Personality Disorder

Internalizing and Borderline Personality Disorder BPD Print Internalizing and Borderline Personality Disorder By Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault, PhD Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault, PhD, is a clinical psychologist and associate professor of psychology at Eastern Connecticut State University. Learn about our editorial policy Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault, PhD Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on August 05, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on November 21, 2019   JGI/Jamie Grill  / Getty Images   More in BPD Diagnosis Treatment Living With BPD Related Conditions Internalizing is a symptom of several mental disorders, including borderline personality disorder (BPD). If you are internalizing, this means you are keeping your feelings or issues inside and do not share your concerns with others.   If you frequently find yourself internalizing, you may show signs of low self-esteem, self-harm, and social isolation. Internalizing emotions can make you feel lonely and depressed, without anyone to relate to.  For many, people who internalize for a long time can make the issues larger, causing you to burst into a tirade or contemplate suicidal actions.  ? What Is Internalizing in BPD? Usually, when we think of someone with BPD, we may picture someone with intense emotions and reactions. He may be likely to get angry quickly or go into rages and often has very tumultuous personal relationships. However, many people with BPD do not act this way and instead internalize feelings. While they still meet the diagnostic criteria for BPD outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Illnesses, 5th edition, they will handle and display their symptoms differently than others.   Rather than throwing tantrums or yelling, you may internalize these urges, often hiding how much pain and sadness you are in.  You may feel like you dont connect to the outside world or do not fit into the larger group. Those who internalize are often viewed as introverted, withdrawn and more stoic than others with BPD.   You also may spend a lot of time trying to control your feelings or rationalizing your emotions. You may feel a lack of control which makes these symptoms feel even worse. Like others with BPD, you may feel confident about yourself one day and feel incompetent the next. This can worsen because you feel you can not share your insecurities with friends or loved ones.   Recovering From Internalization While BPD can be a debilitating mental disorder, it does have a good prognosis if you undergo treatment. It is possible to control your habit of internalization and manage your BPD symptoms in a healthier way. BPD is often treated with psychotherapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy and dialectical behavioral therapy are two common forms of psychotherapy used to successfully treat internalizing emotions and BPD. In therapy, you will learn how to stay in the moment and will begin to challenge your thoughts of yourself and others. You will learn coping skills to help you manage intense feelings and urges, improve relationships and prevent impulsive or destructive behaviors. While you go to therapy, your doctor may also recommend medications to help treat your symptoms. While no medication has been approved to date to treat BPD, some physicians opt to prescribe medication to help control anxiety, depression or  suicidal thoughts. If you or someone you know has BPD and is struggling with symptoms and internalizing emotions, its important to see a therapist specializing in BPD. By outlining concerns, common triggers and learning new coping mechanisms, your internalization and other symptoms of BPD can be better managed. This can help improve your relationships with others as well as heal your view of yourself. How to Deal With Low Self-Esteem When You Have BPD

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Business Essays - Responsibility Volvo Company - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 14 Words: 4180 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Business Essay Type Narrative essay Did you like this example? Responsibility Volvo Company Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Marketing I. Background: According to Volvo (2007a) define that Volvo is wholly-owned subsidiary of Ford Motor Company since 1999 by together with Jaguar, Land Rover and Aston Martin, the company is part of the Premier Automotive Group (PAG) in the Fordà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s premium car division. Volvo Cars is a Centre of Excellence for Safety for Ford Motor Company, as well as a Centre of Excellence for Telemetric for PAG. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Business Essays Responsibility Volvo Company" essay for you Create order The à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"Volvoà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ name is owned by Volvo Trademark Holding AB, which is jointly owned by Ford Motor Company and AB Volvo. Volvo Cars employs a total of about 25,553  people. The company sold a total of more than 427,700 new Volvo cars in 2006. The Volvo Cars head office, product development, marketing and administration functions are located in Goteborg. Its cars are marketed and sold by regional market companies and national sales companies in about 100 countries. The plan, development, proposition of the organisation: The Volvo car production plants are located in Goteborg and Uddevalla in Sweden and Ghent, Belgium. Pininfarina Sverige, Uddevalla is owned jointly by Pininfarina SpA of Italy (60%) and Volvo Cars (40%). Certain components are manufactured at their Swedish plants in Skovde, Floby and Olofstrom, while the company also operates small assembly plants in Malaysia and Thailand. Small amounts of Volvo cars were also assembled at Fords factory in South Africa. In addition, production of Volvo cars also started at Changan Ford Mazda Automobile Co., Ltd since 2006. (Changan Ford Mazda Automobile), Ford Motor Companys passenger-car joint venture in Chongqing, China.  (Reference1) In Volvo (2007a), it defined that Volvo had launched the new C30 which is a car for an active lifestyle in urban areas, thus making debut in the segment for two-door premium cars. The sales target is 65, 000 cars a year and 75% of the expected buyers will be in Europe. Volvo Cars also launched Flexi Fuel models powered by renewable bio-ethanol on several European markets during autumn. The green model range is also being extended and even Volvoà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s new C30 will be offered with eco-optimised Flexi Fuel power. In Volvo (2007a) its cars Management Team decided to reinforce the organisation and governance processes for environment issues to be better prepared to meet future environmental challenges and thereby further strengthen the Volvo brand. Product related issues are governed by the Environmental Committee within the PSC (Product Strategy Committee). The Environmental Committee is headed by Sven-Erik Svensson and Lex Kerssemakers. It focuses on long term strategic product issues and to improve coordination between Product Development, BBPS (Brand Business and Product Strategy), Governmental, Legal and Public Affairs as well as seeking further synergies within FMC. All non-products related issues are governed by Steven Armstrong and the Environmental Committee w ithin the Operations Committee. This Environmental Committee will as well secure coordination with the above mentioned organisational units. Steven Armstrong and Lex Kerssemaker are also the management representatives for environment in the Volvo Cars Management Team, responsible for reinforcing the core value environment as well as fulfilment of the ISO 14001 requirements. The Volvo Cars overall responsibility for ISO14001 has been transferred from Research Development to Process and Operational Excellence for improved integration in the Volvo Cars BMS (Business Management System), which already has incorporated the Quality standard ISO 9001. As a consequence of the above, the Volvo Cars Environmental Council is hereby discontinued as well as the role Volvo Cars Environmental Director. In this case, Volvo has 3 different role levels which are carmaker, local player and global player. First of all, as a role of carmaker, Volvo found that their products used to produce noise a nd air pollution during the congestion, after that they were seek to reduce the problems with à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"sustainable business strategiesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢, then they developed Lambda sensor, it reduced tailpipe emissions by up to 90%. The Lambda sensor was introduced into Volvo cars in1976 and now it is the standard of the industry. Another invention is the three point safety belt, which is a Volvo innovation that is now standard in every car in the world. Also, Volvo (2007b) describe that their à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"factories use closed water cycles to reduce the consumption of fresh water and are equipped with advanced water treatment facilities, while residual products are treated in an environmentally compatible mannerà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢. Next, as a global player Volvo (2006) suggest that à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"Our reputation allows us to attract expertise from around the world and source the best components that help us build the highest quality cars in the worldà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ wh ich allow Volvo to produce better cars that are less damaged to the environmental. Furthermore, in 2000, Volvo signed the United Nationà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Global Compact initiative to work for human rights, establish good working conditions, take responsibility for the environment and combat corruption. However, as being the role of local player, the style of Volvo is totally different as global player, Volvo (2006) thinks that employees are the most important stakeholders. They have the à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"responsibility to be an honest, transparent and active companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢. They achieve this by à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"being a developmental, ethical and reliable employer, by contributing knowledge, and taking into account our environmental and social impact in purchasing, production and distributionà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢. Also Volvo provides educational and cultural programmes to employees in an effort to foster the next generation of employees and strengthen the reputation of Volv o Cars. It is believed that Volvo is doing the correct things to build a step moving forward for the future. They educated the employees who enable them to develop, innovated, come up with fresh ideas and to produce quality goods that stick with their achievement which is care more about the environment The factors causing the environmental problem when supplying: Quality is an expression of our goal to offer reliable products and services. In all aspects of our operations, from product development and production, to delivery and customer support, the focus shall be on customersà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ needs and expectations. Volvoà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s goal is to exceed their expectations. With a customer focus based on everyoneà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s commitment and participation, combined with a process culture, our aim is to be number one in customer satisfaction. This is based on a culture in which all employees are responsive and aware of what must be accomplished to be the best business partner. An automobile is driven by people. Safety is and must be the basic principle in all design work this is a quote from the Volvo founders. A series of pioneering safety innovations has made Volvo a world leader in automotive safety over the years. The Volvo safety concept has evolved to encompass safety in a broader context safety in the interactio n with others on roads and in work situations, as well as improving comfort and working conditions for drivers and operators. A high standard of safety represents a major contribution to efficient transport. Environmental care is together with quality and safety a corporate value for the Volvo Group. Already in the mission statement, we state that à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“we use our expertise to create transport-related hard and soft products of superior quality, safety and environmental careà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“. We all depend on transports and smoothly functioning transportation is one of the cornerstones of modern society. The distribution of daily supplies to people in cities, the trade between companies and the personal mobility are all examples of how dependent we are on transports. Volvo has a responsibility. The issue of what represents good or bad corporate social performance has been the subject of come confusion. This is mainly caused by a focus on activities rather than outco mes of activities that define performance (Woods 1991). The original social reporting movement of the 1970s died a swift death in the face of resistance from businesses who viewed it as another à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"stickà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ with which regular alters could beat them. As one of the worldà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s biggest manufacturers of heavy commercial vehicles, Volvo bears a clear responsibility for reducing the environmental impact of its products. However, a long history of proactive environmental programmes has also provided us with an opportunity of strengthening both our own and our customersà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ competitiveness, while contributing to positive societal development. A long tradition of responsible business conduct and consistent effort under the headlines of quality, safety and environmental care form the foundation for social responsibility in the Volvo Group. The Volvo Group can be characterized as a decentralised organisation, but with common values. The approach to social responsibility actions and projects differs from country to country, depending on social security systems and other local conditions. The general reference document for ethical and social issues is the corporate code of conduct, including the issues contained in Global Compact. A new Code of Conduct was adopted by the Board of Directors in June 2003. It updates the old code from 1982 and is extended to be the general reference document for ethical and social issues. Geographically the green challenge forces companies to think internationally and globally to understand the socio-environmental impact of their products, production processes and sourcing policies. Economically it also forces them to think across industry boundaries. It cannot be understood or tackled from a nationalistic or a single across all industries, from those in the environmental implications, was demonstrated when the Code of Conduct is  committing to the principles of  the UN G lobal Compact. However the green challenge may also require marketers to abandon many of their preconceptions about their customer, their products and the nature of their market. The green challenge is emphasising the socio- environmental costs of products when marketers are used to focusing on the techno-economic benefits and their role in solving, rather than causing, problems for customers. The problem about what to do with discarded products, which used to be the consumerà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s problem, is now a challenge for the marketer. In some cases marketers are actively helping consumers to use less of their products à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" a very novel concept for marketing. Let make more clearly by the Einsmannà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s (1992) explanation how when product managers championed the concept of a refill pack for Protector and Gambleà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Lenor fabric softener: à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“They had to overcome the conventional wisdom in the company: that the inconvenie nce of the refill packs would be unacceptable to consumers. Research closed the argument. Once refill were market tested, it was quickly apparent that the inconvenience of refillingà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ was more than offset by consumersà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ satisfaction at reducing the amount of plastic waste that had to be put in the rubbish bag.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ The values which organisation has chosen to build into their brands in terms of its environmental footprint : Volvo perceives their company to be at the top of the market in the world of premium cars in terms of their environmental footprint. According to their President and CEO Fredrik Arc, In Volvo (2007c) says that Volvo is to be ranked as a leader in terms of Environmental care amongst the worlds premium car brands. This can be seen to be deemed a fact as in March 2003 Volvo became one of the first carmakers in the world to be awarded global certification under the international environmental standard, ISO 14001. Volvo has produced core values that are safety, quality as well as the environment. Volvo has realized the effect on the environment that they have so taken many measures in order to reduce these negative effects. In an Environmental policy Volvo (2007d) made by their President and CEO Fredrik Arc outlines the targets they want to achieve in order for them to reach their desired level of environmental care. It covers two main key targets to help improve environmental care a nd has targets for the aims that they want to be achieve for them, these are is stated below; Energy and resource efficiency Cutting emission of carbon dioxide and use of resources by: Continually improving fuel efficiency Increasing the recycled and renewable energy resources Increasing efficiency and reducing the production of waste in all their operation. Health-related technologies Reducing health and environmental risk caused by personal mobility: Developing emission control systems to reduce the impact of Volvoà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s vehicles effect of the quality of air. Minimizing the use of materials harmful to human health or the environment. Avoiding asthma including and allergenic substances in their car interiors Minimizing, as much as they can of emissions to the air, water and the soil from their produced manufactured units. These policy targets are closely related to their values of environmental care and their believed responsibilities Volvo (2007e) and ties into what Volvo states are their corporate citizenship commitment, and their desire to become a responsible corporate citizen. Volvo has in order to achieve their environmental policies strived to make their cars and production methods as environmentally friendly as possible, Which says in Volvo (2007f) that in 1976 they created a Lambda sensor that reduced tailpipe emission by 90%. The Lambda system has now become standard in the industry. They also have amongst the cleanest production facilities in the world. They have significantly reduced the environment effects of car making, by reducing solvent emissions Volvo have also taken in careful practice across all aspect of their aftercare. Volvo continuously are trying to show corporate citizenship commitment as they continue to communicate with stakeholder and show responsibility in movemen t and the buying of their parts and they use of energy when producing their cars. They continue to look to improve efficiency of their vehicles and this can be demonstrated like their research such as when they produced their Lambda sensor. Volvo focus on making their production methods more environmentally friendly, Volvo (2007g) says they have reduced solvent emission from 30kg/car in the 70à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s to 1.95kg/car in 2004. Volvo have reduced, as well eliminated a lot of harmful chemicals that are made in production. They constantly engage with and are trying to sustain their image of being an environmentally responsible organizations and are trying to build upon a good ethical reputation into their brand they say in a statement that enforce their responsibility to the environment and the reason the believe it is so much needed is because quoted from the Volvo website, à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"because if we fail, the brand suffers and ultimately so do our salesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ . Volvo closely see their perception to be a ethical company to be a asset to their appeal towards potential customers and so ultimately a great differentiator against other premium car rival companies. But also taking an environmentally friendly act towards their production methods is done also according from Volvo to aid them to achieve a à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"sustainable business strategiesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢. Basically it can be seen that Volvo uses their environmental approach as a way of them adding value to their products. Volvo has decided to adopt a favourable public image by taking the environmental stance that they have made. Volvo has taken the approach of establishing their environmental footprint approach as a pull factor to customers it will increase demand of their products in certain key market groups. Those who believe that they would want to be part of member groups such as people who believe they are environmentally aware such as members of Friends of the earth and other environmental groups. Also people who would have associative groups that also have a common interest in the environment. Their actions may lead to increased sales from these groups of consumers. Product life cycle: Every product has an impact on the environment throughout its lifecycle, from extraction of the raw materials to final disposal and recycling. For this reason, it is important to study its environmental impact from a holistic, lifecycle perspective. (Volvo k) A new Volvo car is a highly complex product whose environmental impact varies at different stages of its lifecycle. In order to cover the entire lifecycle, the EPI is divided into  six main areas. Many aspects of the products impact on the environment must be considered when mapping the life cycle of a car. The EPI enables us to grasp the entire life cycle, and to measure our progress as we work to develop more environmentally compatible products and services. In this way, we can: Show how we, our suppliers and our dealers are working to implement environmental management systems; Show how much energy is used to manufacture our cars, the quantity of solvents discharged from our plants and the efficiency with which the materials in the cars are utilized; Illustrate the emission levels generated by the cars when they are driven and how much fuel they use. This enables you to compare how much carbon dioxide is emitted and the quantity of hydrocarbons released by the cars fuel system as a whole; Specify the quantities of recycled non-metallic materials used in our cars; Describe which measures we have taken to develop a healthier in-car environment. Recommendation: In our opinion, Volvo is building the next step a bit slow behind, at the moment, it mainly focus on giving trainings to employees, which will take like 10 to 20 years time to achieve their statement to provide a leading techniques into the car that might lose the chance being a pioneer in the market. Furthermore, Volvo could co-operated with a chemistry organisation to develop a new source which can replace the fossil fuel, if it happened the citizens will not need to pay the petrol as high prices. Furthermore, In the past the customer satisfaction has been judged in terms of the performance of the product at the moment (or during the period) of consumption. An environmentally concerned consumer may reject product because they are made aware of the social or environmental harm that it causes in production or disposal. They may also avoid a product because of the activities of a producer, its suppliers or investors. The UK Green Party recently advised its members to avoid Eco ver detergent products, despites their environmental excellence. So now if the Volvo can apply a new concept of customer satisfaction they can satisfy the needs of the customer to identify the new product to target them. Finally, Volvo has a target for trying to ensure that their manufacturing of their cars and the cars they produce doesnà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢t have too much of a detrimental effect on the environment. They have cleaned up their production methods as well as their engines over the years. But even doing all this there are other ventures that they could more into to help improve their environmental footprint. Many car and manufacturers have done ventures into producing electricity powered cars. These cars would not release toxic fumes that standard cars produce and emit into the atmosphere. Also while it may be expensive they could look more into renewable sources of energy in their factories such as solar and wind power. This would be a much cleaner production metho d, and less harmful to the environment. While these options are all viable there are expensive and may hamper productivity and may take time to implement. Appendix: Case study Our stakeholders include our customers, the communities in which we operate, employees and business partners à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" through dialogue and active investigation we gain insight into their reality. By identifying what is important for our stakeholders we can develop a complete corporate responsibility picture that defines our responsibilities in terms of our three important roles. Responsibility as a Carmaker As a manufacturer of cars we provide personal transport solutions that benefit individual freedom and wellbeing, as well as contributing to socio-economic development. However, Volvo Cars contributes to negative mobility issues such as congestion, noise and air pollution. It is our responsibility to ensure that we seek to minimise the negative impact of our products with sustainable business strategies. We have a long history of developing and incorporating features into our cars that benefit the community at large. One example is the Lambda sensor which, when it was introduced into Volvo cars 1976, reduced tailpipe emissions by up to 90%. The Lambda sensor is now industry standard. Another good example of how we share much of our knowledge is the three point safety belt, which is a Volvo innovation that is now standard in every car in the world. In order to understand our complex reality, it is necessary to constantly acquire knowledge and inspiration from outside the compan y. For instance, we have taken onboard the conclusions regarding the seven goals presented in Mobility 2030 within the framework of the WBCSD Sustainable Mobility Project. In our role as a carmaker it is crucial for us to identify product issues we need to work with. We achieve this through initiatives such as the Volvo Accident Research Team, Responsibility as a global company As a global brand and company we benefit from expanding markets worldwide. Our reputation allows us to attract expertise from around the world and source the best components that help us build the highest quality cars in the world. Through our supply chain network we extend our impact to incorporate our suppliers, their employees and the communities in which they operate. Our supply chain and dealer network provide us with almost global coverage. As a result, our global responsibility extends to everything that we buy and sell. By systematizing our work, we try to ensure that we and our business partners live up to high standards à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" regardless of geographical location. Our commitment to these issues can be seen in Volvo Carsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ stringent policies in our supplier agreements with regard to environmental controls, treatment of staff and human rights. In 2000, we signed the United Nationà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Global Compact initiative to work for human rights, establish good working conditions, take responsibility for the environment and combat corruption. We identify our material issues in this area through global networks such as UN Global Compact Nordic Network, our stakeholder dialogues 2002-2003 and partnerships such as Biogas Cities. Responsibility as a local player As a local player, our most important stakeholders are our employees, the immediate communities where we operate and local authorities. We have a responsibility to be an honest, transparent and active company. We achieve this by being a developmental, ethical and reliable employer, by contributing knowledge, and taking into account our environmental and social impact in purchasing, production and distribution. As an employer, our responsibility is to provide a safe and healthy work environment. We contribute to the community through the support of research as well as educational and cultural programmes in an effort to foster the next generation of employees and strengthen the reputation of Volvo Cars. Our local environmental impact is something that Volvo Cars takes very seriously. As a result, our production facilities are amongst the cleanest in the world. As a local player, we define our material issues through our internal employee survey (Volvo Attitude Survey), local Stake holder dialogues and through our Governmental Affairs Department. Our responsibility Our vision is to be the most desired and successful premium car brand by creating the safest and most exciting car experience. This vision guides us in our daily work. Our brand is global and so is our influence, even though Volvo Cars is a relatively small company. Our roles can be defined on three levels: as a carmaker, as a local and global player. Our business objectives and our corporate citizenship commitments feed into each other. Our core values are safety, environment and quality à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" all human-centric values. From our perspective, we do not just have responsibilities, we act on them. Therefore, our responsibility is to live up to these values à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" because if we fail, the brand suffers and ultimately so do our sales. In the end, it is our stakeholders that decide how well we shoulder our responsibilities. Our challenge is to continuously live up to their expectations. We actively engage our stakeholders in dialogue and use various channels, in a methodical way, to amass a wealth of information that helps us to be a responsible corporate citizen. Reference List Volvo (2007a) Global Reporting Initiative. Available at:[Accessed: 20 November, 2007] Volvo (2007b) Cleaner From the Start. Available at:[Accessed: 20 November, 2007] Volvo (2007c) Environmental Management Systems, Available at [Accessed 20 November, 2007] Volvo (2007d) Environmental Policy, Available at [Accessed 20 November, 2007] Volvo (2007e) Our Responsibility, Available at [Accessed 20 November, 2007] Volvo (2007f) Environmental Tradition, Available at [Access ed 29 November, 2007] Volvo (2007g) Cleaner from the Start, Available at [Accesses 29 November, 2007] Volvo (2007g) Product life cycle, Available at [Accesses 12 December, 2007] (2007) [Online] URL: [Accessed: 10 December, 2007] (2007) [Online] URL: [Accessed: 10 December, 2007] (2007) [Online] URL: [Accessed: 10 December, 2007] Pettie, K. (1995), Environmental Marketing Management: Meeting the Green Challenge, Pitman Publishing, London, chapter 2, 3 pages 36-37. Fuller, D.A. (1999), Sustainable Marketing , SAGE Kotler, P. (2005), Corporate Social Responsibility, Wiley and Sons

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

History of the Computer Industry in America - 2519 Words

â€Å"The Computer† It’s History and Spot in American Society â€Å"The Computer† It’s History and Spot in American Society It is not very often that a new invention comes about and touches every aspect of our lives. Such a device that changes the way we work, live, and play is a special one, indeed. A machine that has done all this and more now exists in nearly every business in the U.S. and in one out of every two households. This incredible invention is the computer. The electronic computer has been around for over a half-century, but its ancestors have been around for 2000 years. However, only in the last 40 years has it changed the American society. From the first wooden abacus to the latest high-speed†¦show more content†¦The outbreak of World War II produced a desperate need for computing capability, especially for the military. New weapons systems were produced which needed trajectory tables and other essential data (Hitmill). In 1942, John P. Eckert, John W. Mauchley, and their associates at the University of Pennsylvania decided to build a high-speed electronic computer to do the job. This machine became known as ENIAC, for Electrical Numerical Integrator And Calculator. It could multiply two numbers at the rate of 300 products per second, by finding the value of each product from a multiplication table stored in its memory. ENIAC was thus about 1,000 times faster than the previous generation of computers. It used 18,000 standard vacuum tubes, occupied 1800 square feet of floor space, used about 180,000 watts of electricity, and used punch card input and output. The ENIAC was very difficult to program because one had to essentially re-wire it to perform whatever task the computer was required to do (Bellis). It was, however, efficient in handling the particular programs for which it had been designed. ENIAC is generally accepted as the first successful high-speed electronic digital computer and was used in many applications from 1946 to 1955. Mathematician John von Neumann was very interested in the ENIAC. In 1945, he undertook a theoretical study of computation thatShow MoreRelatedFile Sharing and Online Piracy: How Does it Effect Copyrights? Is it Ethical?1535 Words   |  7 Pagescase settlements, and more years in federal prison then you could have ever imagined. â€Å"What have I done wrong? Am I really hurting anyone?† you ask yourself. Peer-to-peer file sharing is nearly a 15 year old action that creates a connection between computers across the world to share any types of files and information. The creation of Napster in 1999, drastically lower music sales, laws against theft in the United States, and a growing understanding of the file sharing world all contribute to one sharedRead MoreThe On The Gaming Industry1323 Words   |  6 PagesThe gaming industry took America so far in entertainment for generations of young and old to play for decades to come. Starting from one of the developers of the atomic b omb used in World War II to the present day console wars of PC, Xbox, PlayStation, and Nintendo games have been played. Computer engineers took steps and chances with their ideas, making them into successful business men in a brand new industry, creating new products of imagination, science, and reality. If there were no video gamesRead MoreIntegrated Circuits (Impact on Us History)857 Words   |  4 PagesAndrew Miller History 1302 - LaCoco Monday, May 9, 2011 â€Å"Integrated Circuits† Gordon E. Moore, co-founder of Intel, noted in 1965 that the power of integrated circuits doubles every two years.[1] This, known as Moore’s Law, is the basis for what I believe to have had the most profound impact on American History. Without integrated circuits, culture changing devices such as the iPhone would not be possible. These circuits were created in 1958 by Jack Kilby, inventor of the hand-heldRead MoreThe History and Technology of the Computer in the Nineteenth Century1590 Words   |  7 Pages On an average day so many people are dependent on computers for their capabilities; including, police officers, small businesses, Wall Street, and even the average person for leisure. Without the invention of the first mechanical computer design in 1822 by Charles Baggage, our society would not be where it is at today. The computer has been noted to be most of the most powerful technology that societies will ever have.1 The first computer consisted of nearly 4,000 different parts. MeasuringRead MoreThe Effects Of Internet On Today s Youth1701 Words   |  7 Pagesplace for interaction between individuals and their computers without regard for geographic location, has opened and closed doors to opportunity. Some consider the Internet to be the greatest innovation of our generation, some not so much. The best way to analyze the effects the Internet has had, is to look at the effects it has had on different aspects in this country. Take a look at the effects the internet has had on today’s youth, the music industry as well as its effect on the way politics and businessRead MoreComputer Technology and the Effects on Society1564 Words   |  7 PagesComputer Technology and the Effects on S Computer Technology and the Effect on Society Computer technology has had a great effect on society as a whole throughout history. It has modified our behavior greatly as we have become accustomed to the technological advancements of yesterday. We are so dependent sometimes we do not even have a concept of what life would be like without computers. When we are forced to live life without computers we are left hopeless and disillusioned and simple everydayRead MoreThe Bombing Of Oklahoma City1623 Words   |  7 PagesAmerica’s history. There are several incidences and occurrences that unfolded which helped in shaping and framing the current United States of America. The bombing of Oklahoma City is a major epic event that still lingers in the minds of most Americans. However, there is much to contemplate and deduce based on the incidence of 19th April 1995. The music industry also experienced drastic changes between this time frame and analyzing these changes is pivotal in unde rstanding the history of America and mayRead MoreBill Gates Essay1325 Words   |  6 Pagesmiss things for. If you like computers and want to know more about them, about the history, and about the most important figure in this industry, then this is definitely the third type of book. The book that I was able to read was Gates by Stephen Manes and Paul Andrews. It was about how man named Bill Gates became the foundation of computing industry and how he reinvented an industry- and made himself the richest man in America. William (Bill) Gates is the computer industrys youngest billionaireRead MoreVideo Games : The Decade Of Decadence1116 Words   |  5 Pagestechnology began in the 1970s, the 1980s improved on the technology and made it more affordable and available for mass consumer consumption. The 1980s was truly the beginning of the personal electronic device revolution, making everything from computers to music and video games more available for personal use. Video games were around long before the 1980s. Programmers had been making video games for arcades as far back as the early 1960s (Kent 65). The late 1970s, however, brought video gamesRead MoreAmerican History: The Development of the Ironwork Industry in Alabama1088 Words   |  5 Pagesof specific issues in American history. For example, key events or battles such as _____, or common trends that aid in the understanding of how society operated at that point in history. However, many American history textbooks avoid the topic of widespread manufacturing industries in the south, and their simultaneous development with the much more powerful agricultural industry. Set in the Deep South, the state of Alabama cultured an ever growing ironworks industry that manufactured items spanning

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Bus 610 Week 1 Free Essays

Michael Rush BUS 610 10/27/12 Complete Connect Exercise 1, Chapter 1 (p 13), 1. a. Interval b. We will write a custom essay sample on Bus 610 Week 1 or any similar topic only for you Order Now Ratio c. Nominal d. Nominal e. Ordinal f. Ratio 2. a. Ratio b. Nominal c. Nominal d. Ratio 3. orangecountyregister. com Nominal- The sales of the Microsoft Surface allow for the measurement of Nominal data. When looking at the tablet market all of the sales are essentially a tally for the version or brand. The article looks at the sales which can be easily compared to other tablets in that market. Ordinal- The concept of ordinal measurement is directly represented in the idea of high school football. In the article it talks about the number one ranked Mission Viejo team. This is directly categorized as an ordinal unit of data. With having a clear ranking in terms of success, the first place team has a measureable gain over teams that would be in the lower rankings. Interval- Interval data can be found throughout the readings when it comes to weather. Weather is a great example of interval data. The temperature has a difference between values at a constant size and an easy ranking the temperatures for clear measurement. Additionally a zero does not have significance as in an absence of heat. Ratio- In the paper the Symantec Company was brought up. The article revolved around the earnings in the second quarter. This measurement is one of a ratio due to the fact that a zero value is meaningful. A company has the ability to be at zero and be factual. The data can be compared to different years or other companies. 4. a. Sample b. Population c. Population d. Sample Chapter 1 Practice Test for Part II, Problem #2 (p 20), 2. |Freshmen |Sophomores |Juniors |Seniors | |14 |18 |10 |6 | [pic] Chapter 2 Practice test for Part II, Problem 1 (p 54) 1. a. 30 b. 105 c. 52 d. 0. 190476 or 19% e. $165 f. Minimum= $120 and Maximum =$330 g. [pic] h. [pic] How to cite Bus 610 Week 1, Essay examples

Friday, May 1, 2020

Maddness In Hamlet Essay Example For Students

Maddness In Hamlet Essay Madness may be mental incapacity caused by an unmentionable injury. Such wounds often are not easily perceived but may be revealed in time of stress. Hamlets question, have you a daughter?(Act II. Sc2 182) Polonius about the Princes emotional state. What is hidden will surely be told to Cloudius by his adviser. Laertes search for revenge is sharper proof that madness in degrees of publicity causes harm to the observers. Claudius promise no wind of blame(Act IV, Sc.7,66) once Laertes kills Hamlet; perhaps this is what the uncle has sought all along for himself. Ophelia has a unique, very powerful form of madness; she seems caught as a bakers daughter,(Act IV, Sc. 5, 42) between memories of her father and Hamlet who ought have spokedn to her of events on Valentines day.(Act IV, Sc 5, 48) She is doubly hexed and the madness she has infects the whole court. Once a persons mental state has been studied in public, there is no telling the injuries which may affect the viewers. Ever since the death of King Hamlet young Hamlet has been what appeared to be in a state of madness. In a discussion between Hamlet and Polonius Hamlet questions Polonius by asking him have you a daughter.(Act II, Sc.2, 182) In this discussion Hamlet shows antic behavior towards Polonius by mocking him when Hamlet would usually show great respect for him because of he age and heis high position in the court. This sudden question to Polonius has caused Polonius to believe that Hamlet has a form of love-sickness and that Polonius is sure to tell Claudius of his condition. Hamlet also accuses Polonius of being the Jephthah, judge of Israel,(Act II, Sc.2, 399) meaning that Polonius would put his country in front of his daughter. Hamlet has now convinced Polonius that he is in a state of madness because he knows that Polonius cares for his daughter very much and would never put her second. By convincing Polonius that he has no consideration for the well-being of others, Hamlet is then hoping that Polonius will tell the court of his emotional madness. Unlike Hamlet, Laertes has developed a different kind of madness, a madness that is controlled by revenge. When Laertes is talking to Claudius, Laertes gets so much revenge building up inside him against Hamlet that Laertes now wants to cut his throat.(Act 4,Sc.7,125) Laertes behavior is caused by the sudden death of his father who was without a due ceremony, and his sister who has been driven mad, has contributed to the madness that is being built up inside Laertes. This madness grows even stronger when Claudius promises no wind of blame(Act IV.Sc7,66) when Laertes kills Hamlet. With Claudius being the puppet holder and Laertes being the puppet, Claudius turns Laertes into a savage beast to avenge for his fathers death; perhaps this is what the Claudius has planned all along. Laertes has a form of madness that is escalating because Laertes knows that he has the capabilities and motivation to act on what he believes on. Ophelia has a unique form of madness unlike Hamlets and Laertes because it a mixture of love and hate. An example of hate is when she sings about a bakers daughter.(Act IV,Sc.5,42) Ophelia is referring to the way her father used to treat her before the tragic incident of his death. A love within her madness is when she speaks about the events on Valentines day.(Act IV, Sc.5,48) When Ophelia speaks about Valentines day she is referring to the events of romance that she was denied. Ophelias madness is brought on by her lack of being able to demonstrate any maturity in trying to cope with her losses and in return can only inflict her madness on the court. .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2 , .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2 .postImageUrl , .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2 , .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2:hover , .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2:visited , .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2:active { border:0!important; } .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2:active , .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2 .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u54f58635a841a4aa8c867d34e1eff9a2:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: How To Get Out Of A Speeding Ticket Essay By stating that Hamlet could have controlled his fraudulent madness, he then had the capability of controlling his conscious mind into acting traditional. Where Laertes was very influential by others and had no real control over the mental state he was developing by the sway of Claudius. Ophelia was the most innocent victim of all because she was the side affect of everyone elses actions and had no idea that she was mentally disintegrating. It can be noticed that within each of these three people there can be no reassurance on what the affect they may have on others due to their mental state in public.BibliographyAbout HamletShakes peare Essays

Sunday, March 22, 2020

Aloe Essay Research Paper AloeAloe Agave is free essay sample

Aloe Essay, Research Paper Aloe Aloe ( Agave ) is a genus of works that has more than 150 species. Agave is native to South Africa but has been brought to America and is best-known here as American aloe ( Agave Americana ) , or century works. An aloe works has a short root, fleshy, lanceolate foliages that form in rosettes at the terminal of each root, and red or yellow cannular flowers in dense bunchs. The different species of aloe differ in size from a few centimetres to more than 30 pess. The works merely blooms one clip between the ages of 10 and 25. When it eventually does bloom, the works grows a long chaff that grows quickly up to about fourty pes. The aloe works is really helpful in doing many medical specialties. The works is 96 per centum H2O and the remainder contains active ingredients including indispensable oil, amino acids, minerals, vitamins, enzymes and glycoproteins. Powered aloe juice ( sap ) is a laxative. We will write a custom essay sample on Aloe Essay Research Paper AloeAloe Agave is or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Modern therapists have used it since the 1930 # 8217 ; s. Many liquid wellness interventions are made, some uniting aloe juice with other workss and herbs. The juice is comforting to digestive tract annoyances, such as inflammatory bowel disease and peptic ulcers. Aloe vera gel is used to ; mend lesions, heal ulcers, and rush up the healing procedure of Burnss by seting a protective coating on the affected country. As a nutrient addendum, aloe is said to ease digestion, assistance in blood and lymphatic circulation, every bit good as kidney, liver and saddle sore vesica maps. Aloe contains at least three anti-inflammatory fatty acids that are helpful for the tummy, little bowel and colon. It of course alkalizes digestive juices to prevent overacidity # 8211 ; a common cause of dyspepsia. To do many of the medical specialties the works must be crushed or taken apart. Aloe vera gel is made by powderizing the whole foliages of the works. Aloe juice is made from the interior foliage. In decision, the aloe works is really helpful in medical specialty and everyone could utilize to hold an aloe works on manus. You neer know when you will acquire a bad sun-burn, with the aloe works all you have to make is interrupt off a foliage and hang-up the gel on your roll, it provides instant alleviation.

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Gunpowder Facts, History and Description

Gunpowder Facts, History and Description Gunpowder or black powder is of great historical importance in chemistry. Although it can explode, its principal use is as a propellant. Gunpowder was invented by Chinese alchemists in the 9th century. Originally, it was made by mixing elemental sulfur, charcoal, and saltpeter (potassium nitrate). The charcoal traditionally came from the willow tree, but grapevine, hazel, elder, laurel, and pine cones have all been used. Charcoal is not the only fuel that can be used. Sugar is used instead in many pyrotechnic applications. When the ingredients were carefully ground together, the end result was a powder that was called serpentine. The ingredients tended to require remixing prior to use, so making gunpowder was very dangerous. People who made gunpowder would sometimes add water, wine, or another liquid to reduce this hazard since a single spark could result in a smoky fire. Once the serpentine was mixed with a liquid, it could be pushed through a screen to make small pellets, which were then allowed to dry. How Gunpowder Works To summarize, black powder consists of a fuel (charcoal or sugar) and an oxidizer (saltpeter or niter), and sulfur, to allow for a stable reaction. The carbon from the charcoal plus oxygen forms carbon dioxide and energy. The reaction would be slow, like a wood fire, except for the oxidizing agent. Carbon in a fire must draw oxygen from the air. Saltpeter provides extra oxygen. Potassium nitrate, sulfur, and carbon react together to form nitrogen and carbon dioxide gases and potassium sulfide. The expanding gases, nitrogen and carbon dioxide, provide the propelling action. Gunpowder tends to produce a lot of smoke, which can impair vision on a battlefield or reduce the visibility of fireworks. Changing the ratio of the ingredients affects the rate at which the gunpowder burns and the amount of smoke that is produced. Difference Between Gunpowder and Black Powder While black powder and traditional gunpowder may both be used in firearms, the term black powder was introduced in the late 19th century in the United States to distinguish newer formulations from traditional gunpowder. Black powder produces less smoke than the original gunpowder formula. Its worth noting early black powder was actually off-white or tan in color, not black! Charcoal Versus Carbon in Gunpowder Pure amorphous carbon is not used in black powder. Charcoal, while it contains carbon, also contains cellulose from incomplete combustion of wood. This gives charcoal a relatively low ignition temperature. Black powder made from pure carbon would barely burn. Gunpowder Composition There is no single recipe for gunpowder. This is because varying the ratio of the ingredients produces different effects. Powder used in firearms needs to burn at a fast rate to quickly accelerate a projectile. A formulation used as a rocket propellant, on the other hand, needs to burn more slowly because it accelerates a body over a long period of time. Cannon, like rockets, use a powder with a slower burn rate. In 1879, the French prepared gunpowder using 75% saltpeter, 12.5% sulfur, and 12.5% charcoal. The same year, the English used gunpowder made from 75% saltpeter, 15% charcoal, and 10% sulfur. One rocket formula consisted of 62.4% saltpeter, 23.2% charcoal, and 14.4% sulfur. Gunpowder Invention Historians believe gunpowder originated in China. Originally, it was used as an incendiary. Later, it found use as a propellant and explosive. It remains unclear when, exactly, gunpowder made its way to Europe. Basically, this is because records describing the use of gunpowder are difficult to interpret. A weapon that produced smoke might have used gunpowder or could have used some other formulation. The formulas that came into use in Europe closely matched those used in China, suggesting the technology was introduced after it had already been developed. Sources Agrawal, Jai Prakash (2010). High Energy Materials: Propellants, Explosives and Pyrotechnics. Wiley-VCH.Andrade, Tonio (2016). The Gunpowder Age: China, Military Innovation, and the Rise of the West in World History. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-13597-7.Ashford, Bob (2016). A New Interpretation of the Historical Data on the Gunpowder Industry in Devon and Cornwall.  J. Trevithick Soc.  43: 65–73.Partington, J.R. (1999). A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-5954-0.Urbanski, Tadeusz (1967),  Chemistry and Technology of Explosives,  III. New York: Pergamon Press.